School social climate and personal and social responsiblity of high school students in secondary school according to their motivational profile

Main Article Content

David Manzano-Sánchez
Noelia Belando-Pedreño
José Francisco Jiménez-Parra
Alfonso Valero-Valenzuela


The aim of the present study was to analyze the motivational profile of high school students and how it was related to responsibility, basic psychological needs and school social climate, as well as to assess gender differences. For this purpose, a total sample of 302 students (M = 14.48; SD = 1.40) participated and were administered a multiple-choice questionnaire, where, in turn, gender and date of birth were asked. A profile analysis was performance using Ward’s method and k-means using the motivation scale (intrinsic motivation, identified, introjected and external regulation, amotivation) as variables for its elaboration. Two cluster profiles were finally created and named: a) “high motivation and low amotivation” (n = 212); b) “low motivation and high amotivation” (n = 95).  Next, a multivariate analysis was performed, which showed that high motivation profile had statistically significant results at p < .001, higher in the satisfaction of the basic psychological needs of autonomy, competence and relatedness, personal and social responsibility and school social climate. On the other hand, attending to gender, no significant differences were found in the number of students in the profiles after analyzing the standardized residuals. It is concluded that an increase in self-determined motivation can be associated to an improvement in basic psychological needs, responsibility and school social climate, regardless of the student’s gender.

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How to Cite
Manzano-Sánchez, D., Belando-Pedreño, N., Jiménez-Parra, J. F., & Valero-Valenzuela, A. (2022). School social climate and personal and social responsiblity of high school students in secondary school according to their motivational profile. Scientific Journal of Sport and Performance, 1(4), 309–320.
Sport and Physical Activity Psychology
Author Biographies

David Manzano-Sánchez, University of Murcia

Department of Physical Activity and Sport. Faculty of Sports Sciences.

Noelia Belando-Pedreño, European University of Madrid

Department of Physical Activity and Sport. Faculty of Sports Sciences.

José Francisco Jiménez-Parra, University of Murcia

Faculty of Sports Sciences. Department of Physical Activity and Sport.

Alfonso Valero-Valenzuela, European University of Madrid

Department of Physical Activity and Sport. Faculty of Sports Sciences.


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