Impact of short term training on morphological, physical fitness and physiological variables of middle distance runners

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Soumyadip Ghosh
Sayan Jyoti Bera
Kingshuk Ghosh
Pritee Singha
Atanu Jana
Indranil Manna


Purpose: The present study was designed to investigate the effects of short term training on morphological, physical fitness and physiological determinants of middle distance runners. Method: Total of 97 male volunteers (age: 18-20 yrs.) (40- sedentary control, and 57- middle distance runners) were included randomly, and 17 middle distance runners were excluded. The rest were divided into (a) Sedentary Control Group (SCG, n = 40) and (b) Middle Distance Runners Group (MDR, n = 40). The volunteers of MDR followed a training schedule of 2 hrs/d, 5days/wk., for 6 wks.; no training was given in SCG. Results: A significant (p < .05) increase in strength (of grip, back, leg, upper body strength, abdominal), anaerobic power, flexibility, VO2max, FEV1, FVC, PEFR; and decrease (p < .05) in body mass, body fat and sprint time, heart rate (during rest, sub-maximal exercise and recovery) among the volunteers of MDR after 6 weeks of training. This study showed positive correlation between standing broad jump and height (r = +0.51, p < .05); and between speed and leg strength (r = +0.52, p < .05). Conclusion: Training have a positive impact on morphological, physical fitness and physiological variables of middle distance runners. Further research would provide conclusive results that can be extrapolated to general population.

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How to Cite
Ghosh, S., Bera, S. J., Ghosh, K., Singha, P., Jana, A., & Manna, I. (2023). Impact of short term training on morphological, physical fitness and physiological variables of middle distance runners. Scientific Journal of Sport and Performance, 2(4), 527–539.
Performance Analysis of Sport and Physical Conditioning
Author Biographies

Soumyadip Ghosh, Midnapore College (Autonomous)

Department of Physiology.

Sayan Jyoti Bera, Midnapore College (Autonomous)

Department of Physiology.

Kingshuk Ghosh, Manav Rachana International Institute of Research and Studies

Department of Allied Health Science.

Pritee Singha, Manav Rachana International Institute of Research and Studies

Department of Allied Health Science.

Atanu Jana, Manav Rachana International Institute of Research and Studies

Department of Allied Health Science.

Indranil Manna, Midnapore College (Autonomous)

Department of Physiology.


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