Effects of animal-assisted therapy in older adults with cognitive impairment A systematic review

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Nicole Reyes Valenzuela
Álvaro Uribe Elgueta
Bairon Mansilla Montaña
Josue Pérez Gatica
Nicole B. Fritz
María José Gomis Gomis


Interventions in older people with cognitive impairment are difficult to carry out because they do not follow orders, they present aggressive behaviour or they are unpredictable. For this reason, the objective of this review was to describe the effect of Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) in this population, reporting the results published in the literature on physical, psychosocial and cognitive function. After a review of 160 articles, 5 were selected according to selection criteria, demonstrating that AAT is an effective therapy in people with mild to moderate cognitive impairment, where the dog is the most used co-therapist, however, research is still incipient.

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How to Cite
Reyes Valenzuela, N., Uribe Elgueta, Álvaro, Mansilla Montaña, B., Pérez Gatica, J., Fritz, N. B., & Gomis Gomis, M. J. (2022). Effects of animal-assisted therapy in older adults with cognitive impairment: A systematic review. Scientific Journal of Sport and Performance, 1(2), 50–61. https://doi.org/10.55860/CIEA8011
Review Paper
Author Biographies

Nicole Reyes Valenzuela, University of Los Lagos

Health Department.

Álvaro Uribe Elgueta, University of Los Lagos

Health Department.

Bairon Mansilla Montaña, University of Los Lagos

Health Department.

Josue Pérez Gatica, University of Los Lagos

Health Department.

Nicole B. Fritz, University of Los Lagos & University of Valencia

Health Department. University of Los Lagos. Puerto Montt. Chile
Research Group in Prevention and Health in Exercise and Sport (PHES). University of Valencia. Valencia. Spain

María José Gomis Gomis, Univesity of Alicante

Research Group on Physical Activity and Sports Sciences.


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