Comprehensive approach to physical skill in different age groups in sports games A review

Main Article Content

Blerina Mema
Enkeleida Lleshi


The formation of young athletes is very important and for this it is necessary to build appropriate training programs that help them grow, develop to have results in sports activities in which they participate. Methods: This literature review was conducted in accordance with the guidelines for meta- analyses of (Tricco et al. 2018), to address the research questions. To collect the data for our study, 4 bibliographic databases (PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science and Pro Quest) were used using the Jab Ref program. Results: From 105 articles in incompatibility with the concept of dexterity, speed, strength, coordination only 23 scientific articles that matched our requirements remained for our study. Conclusions: From this study some light can be shed and some recommendations can be made to guide future research efforts. Data from several studies have identified that combined training programs can be considered a safe and successful method when working with adolescents. Training and testing of athletes must be structured in specific ways. Assessments are important for coaches to identify athletes' strengths and weaknesses in order to adapt and apply the appropriate training method. Comprehensive assessments are needed to draw conclusions about the origins of changes in agility and coordination performance.

Article Details

How to Cite
Mema, B., & Lleshi, E. (2023). Comprehensive approach to physical skill in different age groups in sports games: A review. Scientific Journal of Sport and Performance, 3(1), 122–129.
Review Paper
Author Biographies

Blerina Mema, Sports University of Tirana

Department of Education and Health. Faculty of Movement Science.

Enkeleida Lleshi, Sports University of Tirana

Department of Sports Performance. Sports Research Institute.


Asfour, H. R. ., Ayesh Rajah, T. G. ., & Mahmoud Asfour, R. H. 2022.The relationship between some harmonic abilities and the level of skill performance among elite volleyball players in Palestine. SPORT TK-EuroAmerican Journal of Sport Sciences, 11, 24. DOI:

Bompa, T. O., & Carrera, M. 2015. Conditioning Young Athletes (First). Human Kinetics, 4-11. Bompa, T. O., & Carrera, M. 2015. Conditioning Young Athletes (First). Human Kinetics, 13-17.

Fathi, A., Hammami, R., Moran, J., Borji, R., Sahli, S., & Rebai, H. 2018. Effect of a 16-Week Combined Strength and Plyometric Training Program Followed by a Detraining Period on Athletic Performance in Pubertal Volleyball Players. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 33(8), 2117-2127. DOI:

Fukutani, A., Takei, S., Hirata, K., Miyamoto, N., Kanehisa, H., & Kawakami, Y. 2014. Influence of the Intensity of Squat Exercises on the Subsequent Jump Performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28(8), 2236-2243. DOI:

Harrison, C. A., & McGuigan, M. R. 2019. Monitoring and assessment of young athletes.257-303. DOI:

Hojka, V., Stastny, P., Rehak, T., Gołas, A., Mostowik, A., Zawart, M., & Musálek, M. 2016. A systematic review of the main factors that determine agility in sport using structural equation modeling. Journal of Human Kinetics, 52(1), 115-123. DOI:

Jeffreys, I. 2019. Agility training for young athletes. Strength and Conditioning for Young Athletes, 228-247. DOI:

Jukic, I., Calleja-González, J., Cuzzolin, F., Sampaio, J., Cos, F., Milanovic, L., Krakan, I., Ostojic, S., Olmo, J., Requena, B., Njaradi, N., Sassi, R., Rovira, M., & Kocaoglu, B. 2021. The 360° Performance System in Team Sports: Is It Time to Design a "Personalized Jacket" for Team Sports Players? Sports, 9(3), 40. DOI:

Legerlotz, K., Marzilger, R., Bohm, S., & Arampatzis, A. 2016. Physiological Adaptations following Resistance Training in Youth Athletes-A Narrative Review. Pediatric Exercise Science, 28(4), 501-520. DOI:

Lloyd, R. S., & Oliver, J. L. 2012. The Youth Physical Development Model. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 34(3), 61-72. DOI:

Lleshi, E. & V.Rizvanolli. 2014. Evaluation of volleyball vertical jump with arm swing. In: International Sport Conference in Science. Conference: International Conference in Sport Science Tirana (Albania) Volume: 1.

Lloyd, R. S., Read, P., Oliver, J. L., Meyers, R. W., Nimphius, S., & Jeffreys, I. 2013. Considerations for the Development of Agility During Childhood and Adolescence. Strength &Amp; Conditioning Journal, 35(3), 2-11. DOI:

Lloyd, R. S., Radnor, J. M., De Ste Croix, M., Cronin, J. B., & Oliver, J. L. 2016. Changes in Sprint and Jump Performances After Traditional, Plyometric, and Combined Resistance Training in Male Youth Pre- and Post-Peak Height Velocity. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30(5), 1239-1247. DOI:

Loturco, I., Winckler, C., Kobal, R., Abad, C. C. C., Kitamura, K., Veríssimo, A. W., Pereira, L. A., & Clemente, F. M. 2015. Performance changes and relationship between vertical jump measures and actual sprint performance in elite sprinters with visual impairment throughout a Parapan American games training season. Frontiers in Physiology, 6. 2182-2191. DOI:

Matos N, Winsley RJ. Trainability of young athletes and overtraining. J Sports Sci Med. 2007 Sep 1;6(3):353-67. PMID: 24149422; PMCID: PMC3787286.

Mema, B. & Lleshi, E. 2023. Evalutation of physical abilities in children 13-14 years old in sports games. 8-International Paris Congress on Sciences & Humanities. April 1-3, 2023, Paris. Proceedings Book, 540-543.

Naughton, G., Farpour-Lambert, N. J., Carlson, J., Bradney, M., & Van Praagh, E. 2000. Physiological Issues Surrounding the Performance of Adolescent Athletes. Sports Medicine, 30(5), 309-325. DOI:

Oliver, J. L., & Lloyd, R. S. 2017. Speed and agility training. Oxford University Press EBooks.787-797. DOI:

Paul, D. J., Gabbett, T. J., & Nassis, G. P. 2015c. Agility in Team Sports: Testing, Training and Factors Affecting Performance. Sports Medicine, 46(3), 421-442. DOI:

Philippaerts, R., Vaeyens, R., Janssens, M., Van Renterghem, B., Matthys, D., Craen, R., Bourgois, J., Vrijens, J., Beunen, G., & Malina, R. M. 2006. The relationship between peak height velocity and physical performance in youth soccer players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 24(3), 221-230. DOI:

Radnor, J. M., Lloyd, R. S., & Oliver, J. L. 2017. Individual Response to Different Forms of Resistance Training in School-Aged Boys. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 31(3), 787-797. DOI:

Tricco, A. C., Lillie, E., Zarin, W., O'Brien, K. K., Colquhoun, H., Levac, D., Moher, D., Peters, M. D., Horsley, T., Weeks, L., Hempel, S., Akl, E. A., Chang, C., McGowan, J., Stewart, L., Hartling, L., Aldcroft, A., Wilson, M. G., Garritty, C., . . . Straus, S. E. 2018. PRISMA Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR): Checklist and Explanation. Annals of Internal Medicine, 169(7), 467-473. DOI:

Zemková, E., & Hamar, D. 2014. Age-Related Changes in Agility Time in Children and Adolescents. International Journal of Science and Research, Vol.3.issue 11. Pp.280-285 . ID: 21707759.